Keywords: Qualitative Research, Case Study Methods, Epistemological Foundations. These include the operationalization and measurement of qualitative variables (construct validity), the heuristic identi‹cation of new variables or hypotheses, the examination of potential causal mechanisms within particular cases or contexts, the historical explanation of cases, and the incorporation of complex relations like equality and path dependency into typological theories p���#Qܘ�؂�)+b�Qj�>�ջ_����|�N}�l�Rp>�X�Z(߸r�M��q! stream energy, and financial the sive analysis of a taw cases may be more promising than tha superficial statistical analysis Of many cases"Cijphan, p_ Weak capacity to sort out rival explanations, specifically, the prob lem Ot "many vari- ables. Qualitative Case Study Methodology: Study Design and Implementation for Novice Researchers . 2017. This paper reports on the research design and methods used to investigate the interactions of organisational culture, defined as encompassing layers of national, occupational and corporate culture, with information and its management. Their research and teaching focus on the rigorous comparative study of human experiences and ground our engagement with issues of social justice. We are not intending to provide an array of novel reasons to use the case study method. Comparative case study research design. The potential benefits and opportunities need to be understood in conjunction with the potential risks and challenges. Innovations in the Comparative Method Innovations in the comparative method can be discussed in terms of the issues introduced above, encom- Usual tools of such studies are observation, in depth interviews of teachers, non-obtrusive measures, records and documents etc. But what is a case, and what is a case study? Six types of case studies (the atheoretical, interpretative, hypothesis-generating, theory-confirming, theory-infirming, and deviant case analyses) are distinguished, and their theoretical value is analyzed. They may be selected as an appropriate impact evaluation design when it is not feasible to undertake an experimental design, and/or when there is a need to explain how the context influences the success of programme or policy initiatives. A comparative study Johanna Gustafsson Academy of Business, Engineering and Science Halmstad University Halmstad, Sweden ... qualitative case study methodologies are formed by study design, epitome and selection of methods. The aim of this article is to discuss systematically some of the methodological strategies of using this mode of research in social science. the desire to pursue a particular methodology) — conditions set by the commissioning body (e .g . McMaster University, West Hamilton, Ontario, Canada . Potentials and Limitations of Comparative Method in Social Science Reza Azarian Stockholm University Sweden Email: reza.azarian@sociology.su.se Abstract Comparison is a common research method with outstanding merits and with widespread application. The response to COVID-19 has seen an unprecedented rapid scaling up of technologies to support digital contact tracing and surveillance. Case studies … Elle peut être élaborée pour tous les niveaux d’intervention : événement, projet, programme, politique, stratégie ou organisation. No.8, Quasi-experimental Design and Methods), comparative case studies are time and resource-intensive. The QCA analysts interprets the data qualitatively whilst also looking at causality between the variables. First of all, it contextualises comparative case study research into a broader discussion on the philosophy of science. Synthetic Control Methods for Comparative Case Studies A. For case studies to contribute to cumulative development of knowledge and theory they must all explore the same phenomenon, pursue the same research goal, adopt equivalent research strategies, But what is a case, and what is a case study? x��ZKs�D��W���GR@��Q Kq�88��l��� ����GҨ{���b�P�hG3���1��h�)E�K����W��zSt�嫯���U�{a���}�ܖ���`(�(ח�h�6H����-�ne�iD(׷�ϕ�W�ˊV���Y�W��P Publication series: Methodological Briefs, Digital Contact Tracing and Surveillance During COVID-19. Comparative case studies involve the analysis and synthesis of the similarities, differences and patterns across two or more cases that share a common focus or goal in a way that produces knowledge that is easier to generalize about causal questions – how and why particular programmes or policies work or fail to work. When engaging with social media and indeed most technology, thoughtfulness, reflection and ongoing interrogation is required. Comparative case studies often incorporate both qualitative and quantitative data. ‘Case’ is often used in an obfuscating sense and may be defined as place, as institution, as study participants, as unit of analysis, as concept, or even as variable (Ragin 1992). Introduction. Case study research has a long history within the natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities, dating back to the early 1920's. Author: Biljana, Rating: 3/5 based on 2 reviews, Price: $5/page. The central argument will be that a coherent framework of theoretical references and a corresponding logic of inquiry are required. Comparative Studies is committed to interdisciplinary and cross-cultural inquiry and exchange. The steps when using case study methodology are the same as for other types of research.6 The first step is defining the single case or identifying a group of similar cases that can then be incorporated into a multiple-case study. Hence the study was planned to provide a descriptive picture of classroom processes and interactions in diverse school/community contexts in the form of comparative case studies. EXCERPT: [The book] proposes a synthetic strategy, based on an application of Boolean algebra, that combines the strengths of both qualitative and quantitative sociology. Comparative case studies involve the analysis and synthesis of the similarities, differences, and patterns across two or more cases that share a common focus or goal. Hantrais 2009:5-9; Pennings et al.1999: 21-26). %�쏢 Thus, what follows is a discussion of how traditional research design issues play out in the comparative case study method.Step 1: Identify Specific Research Question for Focused ComparisonThe first step in comparative case study research, just as for any other method, is … Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA), developed by Charles Ragin in the 1970s, was originally developed as a research methodology. A Comparative Case Study Approach In order to facilitate the extraction of data that would most satisfactorily addresses my research question, I chose to use a comparative case study approach. Questionnaires were used to evaluate participants’ WebCT skills (before the course starts) and to determine their levels of satisfaction in the course (at the end of the case study). The common view that good case study research lacks a method is unwarranted.2 On the assumption that greater dialogue across research communities is facilitated by greater familiarity, I summarize some important developments in qualitative methodology. Counterfactual Case… By starting from two methods, namely the Millian comparative methods, I demonstrate that thanks to … Comparative case studies usually utilize both qualitative and quantitative methods and are particularly useful for understanding how the context influences the success of an intervention and how better to tailor the intervention to the specific context to achieve the intended outcomes. Case Study Methods in the International Relations Subfield Andrew Bennett Georgetown University, Washington, D.C. Colin Elman Arizona State University, Tempe This article reviews the key role that case study methods have played in the study of international relations (IR) in the United States. Case studies are appropriate when there is a unique or interesting story to be told. Comparative Case Studies: Methodological Briefs - Impact Evaluation No. <> Comparative politics is a field in political science characterized either by the use of the comparative method or other empirical methods to explore politics within (as opposed to between) countries. For case studies to contribute to cumulative development of knowledge and theory they must all explore the same phenomenon, pursue the same research goal, adopt equivalent research strategies, A search to determine what is known about the case(s) is typically conducted. Given the expansive literature and limited space, I focus on comparative and case study In doing so, it links epistemology, methodology and methods within a single framework. Academic Disciplines. The comparative case study examines in rich detail the context and features of two or more instances of specific phenomena. 1.4 Research Methodology A case study methodology has been adopted to investigate a number of companies in the area of Lean implementation. Many comparative methodology texts present at least a brief discussion of this issue (e.g. However, comparative case study research is limited in the social sciences by two problems that affect its empirical implementation. Comparative research essentially compares two groups in an attempt to draw a conclusion about them. Knight, in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2001. Case study is one of the most frequently used qualitative research methodologies. One goal of comparative case study is to avoid the silos of binding and holding constant certain factors, instead this methodology acknowledges … Appendix B contains the application of the synthetic control method to the study of the economic efiects of the German reuniflcation. The Comparative Method (see Linguistics: Comparative Method), with its concentration on regular, repeated correspondences and its incorporation, at least for many practitioners, of reconstruction as a test of the family groups proposed, has been challenged by Greenberg's much simpler method of multilateral comparison, based on straightforward surface inspection of word-lists from many … The comparative case study examines in rich detail the context and features of two or more instances of specific phenomena. This is valuable for building theory and understanding the nature of the empirical domains of interest. 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